Simple Science: How Fold Mountains are Made

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Fold mountains are the most common type of mountain, representing the world’s largest mountain ranges. Some of the more famous ranges include the Rockies, Andes, Himalayas, and the Alps. This simple science experiment helps demonstrate how they are formed.

This is a great hands-on science experiment to explain how fold mountains are formed.Fold mountains occur near convergent or compressional plate boundaries. Plate movement creates fold mountains as the plates move towards each other. This movement causes layers of sedimentary rock on the ocean floor to become wrinkled and folded. These mountains are found between two continental plates.

I love that this science experiment didn’t cost any money and was a great visual for explaining how fold mountains are formed.

Materials needed:

two boxes

  1. Lay down a stack of towels, each one folded in half. The folds will be more obvious if you use towels of various colours, but monochromatic will work if that’s all that you have.
  2. Put a box on either side of the towels.
  3. The boxes represent the continental plates while the towels represent the buildup of sediment on the sea bottom.
  4. Push the boxes (continental plates) towards each other and observe the “mountains” being formed.
  5. Ask your kids to make observations about the folds and the shape.

This is a great hands-on science experiment to explain how fold mountains are formed.When we did this science experiment, I told the kids that the boxes represented the continental plates and that the towels represented the sedimentary rock layers, but I didn’t tell them what the outcome of the experiment would be. As the towels began to rise and take shape, I asked them what they thought was happening. Most of them were able to guess that it was becoming a mountain.

They took turn moving the boxes towards each other and saw that the outcome was always the same, though sometimes a slightly different shape was formed.

This is a great hands-on science experiment to explain how fold mountains are formed.Our kids have seen the Rockies as we drive through them nearly every year, so they were able to easily picture what those mountains look like. If your children (or students) are not as familiar with fold mountains, I would suggest showing them some images of what fold mountains look like.

Vocabulary words that may be helpful for this lesson:

sedimentary, plates, continent

If you are looking for other ways to make science come alive for kids, you will want to check out our Simple Science board on Pinterest or check out some of our other science experiments.

Follow Sharla Kostelyk’s board Simple Science on Pinterest.

Layers of the Earth Science Experiment

Earthquake Experiment

Making Groundwater

Make Your Own Windsock

Jello Science Experiments

Gravity Defying Beads

Melting Ice Experiment

Snickerdoodles Cookies

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There are few cookie names as fun as snickerdoodles. It’s worth making them just to be able to say “snickerdoodles”. It always puts a smile on my face. And makes my kids giggle!

This recipe for Snickerdoodles cookies is about as simple as they come.Until I first made snickerdoodles cookies, I thought that cream of tartar was only something used in making homemade playdough!

Snickerdoodles cookies recipe:

1/2 cup unsalted butter, softened
1/2 cup sugar, plus an additional 1/4 cup
1/3 cup light brown sugar, packed
1 large egg
1 tsp. vanilla extract
1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 tsp. baking soda
1/4 tsp. cream of tartar
1/4 tsp. salt, optional
2 tsp. cinnamon

Snickerdoodles cookies

  1. With an electric mixer, combine the butter and white and brown sugar for 3 minutes until light and fluffy.
  2. Add the egg and vanilla. Beat on medium-high speed for about 3 minutes.
  3. Add the flour, baking soda, cream of tartar, and salt. Beat on low speed until just combined, about 1 minute.
  4. Roll out 1 Tablespoon-sized balls of dough (approximately 25 cookies) and refrigerate for at least 1 hour.
  5. Preheat oven to 350°. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper unless using a stoneware cookie sheet.
  6. Create a cinnamon sugar mixture by combining 1/4 cup sugar and 2 tsp. cinnamon in a small bowl.
  7. Roll the cookie dough balls in the cinnamon sugar mixture and set them about 2″ apart on the baking sheet.
  8. Bake 8-10 minutes until the edges are browned and crisp, but center is still pale and puffy. The cookies will wrinkle as they cool.

All that’s left to do is eat them! This is a pretty straightforward recipe and of course, these freeze well and the recipe can be doubled if needed.

If you’re a fan of snickerdoodles, you will surely want to try out our Eggnog Snickerdoodles. They smell as good as they taste!

Eggnog Snickerdoodles

Space Sensory Bottle

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We are currently doing a Solar System unit in our homeschooling. It has been a really fun science unit to work on because there are so many fun hands-on activities that can go along with it. I created a glow-in-the-dark solar system sensory bin for the kids to play with and also made them this Space sensory bottle.

One of the great things about this particular sensory bottle is that it is naturally weighted because of the rocks. This adds an extra sensory element and some children (and adults!) can find this particularly calming.

This Space themed discovery bottle is naturally weighted which provides more sensory input.Materials needed:

I created this discovery bottle in layers because I didn’t want for the figures to all get stuck at the top and it turns out that was the right call. I put a layer of fill, then half a handful of the decorative rocks, then a space shuttle or satellite or astronaut or two and then repeated the process a few more times. Layering the fill and rocks created pockets for the objects from the Space Toob to sit in.

This Space sensory bottle is naturally weighted. Kids can also use it as an I-Spy activity.This also created an I-Spy type of element to the space sensory bottle as well. The kids could search for the space crafts and astronauts (and their favourite character, the monkey in space) and find them by turning the bottle different ways.

There is also an auditory feedback element to this sensory bottle as it gets tipped back and forth during play.

Space Sensory BottleThis does contain small parts, so if younger children are going to play with it, you may want to secure the lid by gluing it in place with a hot glue gun.

If you are looking for other sensory ideas, you may want to follow my Sensory Activities for Kids board on Pinterest or sign up for our email newsletter updates.

Follow Sharla Kostelyk’s board Sensory Activities for Kids on Pinterest.

Cheeseburger Pie

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This recipe takes the flavours of a cheeseburger and puts them inside a pie crust. What child wouldn’t love that?! I kind of think of it as the winter version of a hamburger.

Cheeseburger pie has everything you would expect in a burger and if you want to, you can even serve it with ketchup and a side of fries!

Cheeseburger pie is like the winter version of a delicious BBQ'd hamburger. Kids (and adults) love this recipe!This recipe makes two cheeseburger pies. For our large family, that’s one meal. If you have a smaller family, you could easily freeze the second for another meal or use it for leftovers or lunches.

Cheeseburger Pie Recipe:

2x 9″ unbaked pie shells (I buy the frozen variety)
2 eggs, slightly beaten
1/2 cup onion, minced
1/2 cup milk
1/8 cup mustard
1 Tbsp. parsley flakes
1 Tbsp. Worcestershire sauce
1 cup bread crumbs
1 – 1 1/2 lbs. lean ground beef
2/3 cup tomato sauce
1 cup grated cheddar cheese

Prick the pie crusts several times with a fork. Bake at 450° for 5 minutes until golden. Cool.

Cheeseburger pie is like the winter version of a delicious BBQ'd hamburger. Kids (and adults) love this recipe!In a medium to large bowl, mix eggs, milk, onions, seasonings, bread crumbs, and raw beef. Mix well. Spread beef mixture into the two pie shells. Bake at 350° for 45 minutes.

Remove the pies from the oven and speak the tomato sauce over the tops. Sprinkle with the grated cheese, garnish with paprika and put the pies back into the oven.

Bake an additional 10 minutes or until the cheese melts.

Cheeseburger pie is like the winter version of a delicious BBQ'd hamburger. Kids (and adults) love this recipe!Serve with a salad or fries (or both) on the side. My kids like to put ketchup on theirs.

If you’re not going to eat the second pie, you can either freeze it raw and cook it the day of serving or cook it with other one, freeze it afterwards and reheat on the day of serving.

Looking for other make-ahead ideas? Follow my Freezer Meals board on Pinterest and be sure to check out how you can make 10 meals in one hour.

beef and chicken dump recipes